Canine Coronavirus Disease

By Lambert Vet Supply | 10/4/2019 | Posted to Dog Health
Nobivac Canine 1-Cv

Nobivac® Canine 1-Cv

Proven 1-year vaccine that offers maximum protection against canine coronavirus. For healthy dogs 6 weeks aged and older.

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Duramune Max PC

Duramune® Max PC

For the vaccination of healthy dogs 6 weeks of age or older as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by canine coronavirus and canine parvovirus.

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Trifectant Tablets

Trifectant® Tablets

Trifectant Tablets are a biodegradable disinfectant, with a high efficacy against a broad range of bacteria, viruses, and fungi, that clean and disinfectant in one step with no residual. Dissolved tablets work well in a spray bottle for disinfecting small areas such as exam table, or kennel.

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Canine coronavirus is a highly contagious intestinal infection specific to dogs, especially puppies. Coronavirus usually is short in duration, two to ten days in most dogs, and may cause considerable abdominal discomfort. Generally, it is considered a relatively mild disease with sporadic symptoms, or no symptoms at all. If the coronavirus infection occurs concurrently with other viruses, for instance canine parvo infection or another intestinal enteric infection, the disease may be more serious. Some deaths have been reported in susceptible pups since they do not have a fully developed immune system. Coronaviruses are fairly resistant, and freezing temperatures outdoors increase the infectious period. The incubation period from infection to clinical signs is one to four days. A dog may be the carrier of the coronavirus infection and shed the virus into their feces for up to six months (180 days) after infection.

How do dogs or puppies become infected with Canine Coronavirus?

Canine Coronavirus infection is spread through oral contact with infected feces, eating or drinking from contaminated bowls, or direct contact with an infected dog.

When is my dog or puppy at a higher risk to contract Canine Coronavirus infection?

Canine Coronavirus infection may be found in places and events where dogs gather. The most likely locations for the virus to spread are dog parks, doggie daycare, visits to the groomers, dogs that live in multiple pet homes, or any activity engaging with other dogs on a daily basis. Since puppies or dogs that came from a rescue, shelter, breeding kennel, or pet shop have been around other dogs daily, they may be at risk, however many pet facilities require vaccination for coronavirus so check your puppy’s health record upon purchase or adoption.

What are Canine Coronavirus Symptoms?

Canine Coronavirus symptoms indicating that your dog may be infected include: loss of appetite, depression, dehydration, vomiting, acute diarrhea, yellow to orange diarrhea from soft to watery (may also contain blood), and fever (occasionally).

Your pet might be infected but not exhibit every symptom listed here, so it is important that you check with your veterinarian, even if only one symptom is present.

If an infection has occurred, clean contaminated areas, bedding, feed and water bowls with one of the many disinfectants that kill coronavirus. Other precautionary measures to reduce the spread of coronavirus include separating sick dogs from healthy ones.

Related article: Comparing Disinfectants that Kill Pathogens Important in Pet Facilities >>

How do I protect my puppy or dog from Canine Coronavirus infection?

A canine coronavirus vaccine is available as an aid in the prevention of the infection. This vaccine may be included in a coronavirus combination vaccine that also protects dogs from canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus, and canine adenovirus type 2. The vaccine may also be called a 6 way or puppyshot vaccine. It is also available as a 9 way vaccine which would include protection from some strains of canine leptospirosis.

Review your dog’s risk factors for canine coronavirus infection susceptibility with your veterinarian as they are always the best guide for making vaccination decisions.

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The information contained in The Well Pet Post articles is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a veterinarian and is not intended as medical advice. If you have a health con­cern about your pets, please consult with an appropriately-licensed veterinarian. Never dis­re­gard pro­fes­sional veterinary advice or delay in seek­ing it for your pets because of some­thing you have read on this blog or in any linked materials.
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